Cellulase Production by Bacteria: A Review

Main Article Content

Sangrila Sadhu
Tushar Kanti Maiti

Abstract

Cellulose is an abundant natural biopolymer on earth and most dominating Agricultural waste. This cellulosic biomass is a renewable and abundant resource with great potential for bioconversion to value-added bioproducts. It can be degraded by cellulase produced by cellulolytic bacteria. This enzyme has various industrial applications and now considered as major group of industrial enzyme. The review discusses application of cellulase, classification of cellulase, quantification of cellulase, the types of cellulolytic bacteria and their screening. It describes the current knowledge of cellulase production by submerged fermentation and solid state fermentation, properties of cellulase and cloning and expression of cellulase gene. The biotechnological aspect of cellulase research and their future prospects are also discussed.

Keywords:
Cellulytic bacteria, bioconversion, cellulases, endoglucanase, exoglucanase, β-glucosidase, cellulosome

Article Details

How to Cite
Sadhu, S., & Maiti, T. (2013). Cellulase Production by Bacteria: A Review. Microbiology Research Journal International, 3(3), 235-258. https://doi.org/10.9734/BMRJ/2013/2367
Section
Review Article